Download PDF by Olcher Sebastian Fedden.: A grammar of Mian, a Papuan language of New Guinea

By Olcher Sebastian Fedden.

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The only verbal classificatory prefixes which are not subject to morphophonemic change are the FEMININE singular prefix and the singular prefix for the FLAT class. They are realized as /om/ and /gam/, respectively. 3 Verb stems Verb stem allomorphy is extremely rare. g. /HLfa/ ‘put down’ and /LHLfa/ ‘lift up’, and the verb obligatorily takes a verbal classificatory prefix which classifies the direct object according to semantic criteria. The following rules apply: %HLfa% → /HLa/ / l _ → /HLfa/ elsewhere %LHLfa% → /LHLa/ / l _ → /LHLha/ elsewhere The next two examples illustrate stem allomorphy for the verb /HLfa/ ‘put down’, which obligatorily takes a verbal classificatory prefix.

There is no additional increase in intensity on the supposed second nucleus, which might point to an analysis of such words as disyllabic. In the following, I will discuss the factors that determine Mian vowel length in detail. 1 Free variation of length Vowel length is subject to variation between speakers, even between different tokens of the same word uttered by a single speaker. For instance, vowels in different tokens of the same word can freely vary in length by up to about 60 ms for some tokens.

Semivowels are either labial(-velar) or palatal. The consonant inventory is quite simple but it has an interesting and unusual feature, namely some asymmetric gaps in the stop system. Although stops are overall distinguished at three different places of articulation, there are only two voicedifferentiated pairs, namely /k/ vs. /g/ and /kʷ/ vs. /gʷ/. There is no voiceless bilabial stop */p/ and no voiced alveolar stop */d/. [p] is an allophone of /b/ in syllable-final devoicing environments and [ⁿd] is—at least synchronically—a word-initial allophone of /l/.

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A grammar of Mian, a Papuan language of New Guinea by Olcher Sebastian Fedden.


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