By Alberdina Houtman, E Staalduine-Sulman, Hans-Martin Kirn
What's the use of a Targum in a cultural surroundings the place Aramaic isn't really a typical language anymore? And why might Christians have an interest in a normally Jewish textual content in an differently anti-Jewish milieu? those and comparable questions have served as publications for Alberdina Houtman, Eveline van Staalduine-Sulman and Hans-Martin Kirn in bringing jointly the articles for the current publication, which is composed of 3 elements: 1. makes use of and capabilities of Targum in Europe; 2. enhancing Targums and their Latin Translations; three. Targums and Christianity. many of the articles take care of the codicological and paratextual points of the correct manuscripts and variations as witnesses in their cultural historic events. The meant readership contains experts in Targum, Jewish and medieval reports, (church) historians, codicologists and (Christian) theologians.
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Extra info for A Jewish Targum in a Christian World
The rest of the manuscript does not provide any more Targum. Educational tool. Every text can be used for learning how to read and write. Biblical texts are especially used because they are part of the normal curriculum of Jewish education. The Targum texts were used both for reading and writing, as well as for learning Aramaic. Selections from Targum texts are found as children’s exercises, probably for learning Aramaic and writing at the same time. Two fragments of the Cairo Genizah collection display biblical verses by an untrained hand, viz.
Table 1 Distribution of Onkelos, Jonathan and Targum Writings Targum Onkelos Targum Jonathan Targum Writings Cairo Genizah Eastern script excluding CG Total Eastern script 1,000 (63%) 332 (43%) 400 (25%) 330 (43%) 180 (12%) 103 (14%) 1,580 765 1,332 (57%) 730 (31%) 283 (12%) 2,345 Ashkenazi script Italian script Sephardi script Total Western script 252 (65%) 61 (54%) 57 (47%) 370 (60%) 95 (25%) 40 (36%) 47 (38%) 182 (29%) 40 (10%) 11 (10%) 18 (15%) 69 (11%) 387 112 122 621 26 van staalduine-sulman The table shows that the number of manuscripts found in the Cairo Genizah is enormous, although most ‘manuscripts’ only consist of a small fragment.
Townsend, 48] parallels: Tanhuma, Wa’era, 15 [ed. Warszawa, 200–201, transl. Berman, 379], ExodR 12:3 [ed. Shinan, 246–247 with bibliography]). 2 A question was posed: referring to the Bible, but in a typical rabbinic phrase. Cf. ‘This question was already stated some time ago by R. ” ’ (Mek, Massekhta DeWaYehi (BeShallaḥ), 5 [ed. Lauterbach (2004), 156]). down: according to the line-up of rhetorical questions on limitations of human deeds in Prov 30:4 as used analogously in a Petirah-Midrash about the death of Moses: ‘ “Who has ascended to heaven and come down?
A Jewish Targum in a Christian World by Alberdina Houtman, E Staalduine-Sulman, Hans-Martin Kirn