Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 1 by Ernest J. Henley, Herbert Kouts PDF

By Ernest J. Henley, Herbert Kouts

ISBN-10: 148319955X

ISBN-13: 9781483199559

ISBN-10: 1483224589

ISBN-13: 9781483224589

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Extra resources for Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 1

Example text

C. Technical Goals The economically competitive reactor of the future will be a base load plant of large size and high availability. Very probably it will operate on steam of high pressure and temperature. Since capital costs of nuclear plants will probably always be higher than their conventional rivals, this disadvantage will have to be compensated by strikingly low fuel costs. , 500 Mwe or larger. , greater than 40%. Interestingly enough for equivalent steam conditions, nuclear plants will have a lower heat rate than fossil plants because of the absence of appreciable stack heat losses.

The external moisture separators are usually either of the centrifugal or impact type. These separator devices are external to the turbine. Steam, laden with moisture following expansion, is drawn from the turbine, passed through the separator and then returned to the turbine at a lower pressure stage. The pressure differential between outlet and inlet stages is about 10 to 30%. 28 SEYMOUR BARON FIG. 9. Typical moisture-extracting stage shown in schematic form. THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR STATIONS 29 The Centrifix moisture separator used by Westinghouse on their pressurized-water reactor is typical of the centrifugal type of external separator.

The graphite columns are supported by chairs. The function of these support chairs is unique in that the top of the chair is at high temperature and the bottom is against the cool grid structure. The chairs maintain alignment of the fuel tubes with the fuel access ports in the bottom grid during all conditions of operation. As a basis for determining tube failure rates, attention has been given to failure rates of conventional boilers. Assuming that metallurgical conditions are proper, indications are that a tube failure rate of \ to 1 tube per year may be expected for things other than soot blower erosion or slag- and fly-ash corrosion and erosion which, of course, are not present in a reactor.

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Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 1 by Ernest J. Henley, Herbert Kouts

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