Tomoko M. Nakanishi (auth.), Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro's Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident PDF

By Tomoko M. Nakanishi (auth.), Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi (eds.)

ISBN-10: 4431543287

ISBN-13: 9784431543282

Following the Fukushima nuclear coincidence, a wide quantity of tracking facts has been accumulated concerning the soil, air, dirt, and seawater, in addition to facts approximately an incredible variety of meals provided to the industry. Little is understood, even if, concerning the influence of radioactive fallout on agriculture, information regarding that's important. even supposing greater than eighty% of the broken sector is expounded to agriculture, in situ info particularly for agriculture is scarce. This ebook offers facts in regards to the genuine move and accumulation of radioactivity within the ecological system—for instance, even if particles deposited on mountains could be a reason for secondary illness, below what stipulations vegetation acquire radioactive cesium of their suitable for eating components, and the way radioactivity is transferred from hay to take advantage of. simply because agriculture is so heavily on the topic of nature, many experts with varied components of workmanship needs to be all in favour of answering those questions. in terms of rice, researchers in rice cultivation in addition to in soil, hydrology, and radioactivity size are operating jointly to bare the trails or accumulation of radioactivity within the box. For this goal, the Graduate institution of Agricultural and existence Sciences of The college of Tokyo has various amenities on hand all through Japan, together with farmlands, forests, and meadowlands. Many educational employees participants have shaped teams to behavior on-site examine, with greater than forty volunteers engaging. This publication offers the knowledge amassed from the one undertaking being systematically performed throughout Japan after the Fukushima accident.

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Extra resources for Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident

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Local farmers intensively utilized the rich mineral nutrients in runoff water to produce highly palatable rice while minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers. Thus, rice plants absorbed sufficient potassium from the paddy fields, although the potassium concentration of the soil was low. However, the nuclear disaster destroyed the well-intended efforts of farmers who wanted to produce sustainable, high quality rice in Fukushima. 4 Behavior of Radiocesium in Organic Matter As discussed above, the problem appeared to be caused by the specific conditions in lowland rice paddy fields, which are wetland ecosystems.

3a). I. Kobayashi Fig. 2 Comparison of performance of macro RRIS and IP in the analysis of 137Cs. (a) Images of a 137Cs standard solution spotted on paper at concentrations ranging from 1 Bq (top right, two spots) to 400 Bq (bottom left, two spots), which were analyzed using macro RRIS and IP. Effects of the Al plate covering the scintillator surface were also examined. The standard solution was 5 Time-Course Analysis of Radiocesium Uptake and Translocation in Rice… 41 soil medium, the rice plants absorbed only a little amount of 137Cs even after 20 h, which was slightly detectable by IP (Fig.

2 years for 137Cs), and contamination of the environment and foods with radiocesium has been and will be of concern for a long time. Radiocesium deposited in soil sticks to soil particles; however, a small portion is redistributed into a soil solution that is readily absorbed by plants. Uptake and transport of cesium (Cs) by plants is an important determinant of the degree of radiocesium contamination of foods. Elucidating the uptake and transport processes involved and their mechanisms is important for minimizing the contamination of agricultural products.

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Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident by Tomoko M. Nakanishi (auth.), Tomoko M. Nakanishi, Keitaro Tanoi (eds.)

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