By Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)
I wrote this e-book simply because i feel that the welfare of animals is an important topic yet one approximately which there's a of bewilderment and muddled considering. i needed to good deal write a booklet which straightened out many of the confusion through having a look intimately at one specific challenge: the best way to realize animal pain. The ebook is written for an individual attracted to animals and the controversies over how humans should still deal with them. i've got attempted to persuade those who may possibly differently suppose that technology had just a relatively sinister reference to animal welfare that the clinical research of animal affliction has, actually, a big and confident contribution to make. it will possibly provide us an perception into what animals adventure and this, in tum, may also help us to relieve their pain. whilst, i've got attempted to jot down a publication that would be of at the very least a few use to scientists. The chapters which stick with seasoned vide an summary of the organic method of animal welfare. i've got additionally tried to teach sceptics that it really is attainable to check animal ache with out sacrificing criteria of scien tific technique. might be a few will also come to percentage my trust that the learn of the subjective studies of animals is among the so much attention-grabbing components within the entire of biology, in addition to being of serious functional and moral importance.
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Additional info for Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare
When animals are captured or transported, for example, this does not always affect their physical health in overt ways. However, this may well be because there is no time for serious health defects to make themselves shown. The animal may soon be released or the journey may soon be over. One reason for supposing that, given time, the animal's health would be affected is that it is often possible to detect physiological disturbances such as changed hormone levels which, as we will discuss more fully in Chapter 5, may be the precursors of ill-health.
They can be used as a kind of warning system: 'Here is an area which needs looking at'. The restricted locomotion of animals, particularly very active ones, in small cages, would be an example of this. But, even studies which showed up major discrepancies between wild and confined animals would be a starting point only. For evidence that the differences were actually causing the animals to suffer, we have to look elsewhere. 5 The physz"ology of suJferz"ng So far, we have seen that physical health is a valuable guide to an animal's well-being but that differences between wild and domestic animals do not in themselves provide an adequate criterion of suffering.
In this chapter we will look at one source of that other evidence: the physiological state of the animal. The first problem here is to decide what to measure, that is, which physiological variables give the best indications of suffering. As we shall see, physiologists have most commonly dealt with this problem using the concept of 'stress'. It might be thought that 'stress' and 'suffering' were one and the same thing. But it will become apparent that there are important differences between them.
Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare by Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)