Biofilm-based Healthcare-associated Infections: Volume II by Gianfranco Donelli PDF

By Gianfranco Donelli

ISBN-10: 3319097814

ISBN-13: 9783319097817

ISBN-10: 3319097822

ISBN-13: 9783319097824

The goal of this e-book is to supply readers with a large evaluation of the most healthcare-associated infections brought on by micro organism and fungi capable of develop as biofilm. The lately bought wisdom at the pivotal function performed by way of biofilm-growing microorganisms in healthcare-related infections has given a brand new dynamic to detection, prevention and remedy of those infections in sufferers admitted to either acute care hospitals and long term care amenities. Clinicians, hygienists and microbiologists may be up to date through best scientists at the state-of-art of biofilm-based infections and at the so much cutting edge concepts for prevention and remedy of those infections, usually brought on by rising multidrug-resistant biofilm-growing microorganisms.

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Additional info for Biofilm-based Healthcare-associated Infections: Volume II

Sample text

James and colleagues reported that approximately 60 % of all chronic wounds contain a microbial biofilm (James et al. 2008). However, it is more likely that all chronic wounds contain biofilms considering the nature of microbial survivability. Microbial biofilms are complex communities of microorganisms that attach to surfaces and secrete extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The secretion of EPS acts as a biochemical barrier, protecting the biofilm from both mechanical and shear forces, and more importantly, the penetration of anti-­ microbial substances.

Clin Infect Dis 55:1441–1449 2 Fungal Biofilms in Human Disease Williams DW, Kuriyama T, Silva S, Malic S, Lewis MA (2011) Candida biofilms and oral candidosis: treatment and prevention. Periodontol 2000 55:250–265 Wolcott RD, Gontcharova V, Sun Y, Dowd SE (2009) Evaluation of the bacterial diversity among and within individual venous leg ulcers using bacterial tag-encoded FLX and titanium amplicon pyrosequencing and metagenomic approaches. BMC Microbiol 9:226 Wu CY, Lee PI (2007) Antibiotic-lock therapy and erythromycin for treatment of catheter-related Candida parapsilosis and Staphylococcus aureus infections.

Faecalis polymicrobial biofilm in an in vivo ­highlighted the differences in the innate immune wound mouse model showed significantly lower response to biofilm infection between two differ- percentage wound closure when compared to P. ent strains of laboratory-bred mice. In this study, aeruginosa mono-species biofilm alone (Dalton the researchers modelled P. aeruginosa biofilm-­ et al. 2011). infected burn wounds in BALB/c and C3H/HeN With increased structural stability of the biomice, whereby they observed that C3H/HeN film and enhanced virulence, there remains scope 3 Biofilm-Infected Pressure Ulcers: Current Knowledge and Emerging Treatment Strategies for further research into the effects of clinically relevant polymicrobial biofilms in chronic wound pathogenesis.

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Biofilm-based Healthcare-associated Infections: Volume II by Gianfranco Donelli

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